As Americans we live in a privileged world where often times poverty is viewed on a purely nominal level. We can justify our economic status based on the “poverty line” based on wages but cannot judge poverty based on privileges and rights we easily get. These rights and privileges include voting rights, religious freedom, access to education, economic freedom, right to free enterprise, etc. With a lot of these factors even poor Americans can be considered “rich.”
Novogratz discusses that impoverished populations are classified by those that earn $1-$4 per day from a monetary aspect. However, other factors go into poverty such as the rights and privileges mentioned above. A lot of this relates to neoliberalism and its effect on fighting poverty, such as its nearsighted view on global poverty. While a large amount on neoliberalism can affect challenges in the world, often times certain subsets of the world can be ignored, such women, the poor, and the uneducated.
This can affect certain Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) such as achieve primary universal education and promote gender equality and women empowerment. Which also addresses other issues of eradicating extreme poverty. This authors of “How to Help Poor Countries” address the issue of economic growth not equating to eradicating poverty. For instance, proving liquidated aid in the form of cash and also food can solve for short-term problems of famine and market crash, but cannot solve for long-standing problems. Countries must be able to find ways to become more than just maintaing a status quo of poor morale. Organization such as Kiva.org, work to provide microloans for merchants, famers, and others to begin their own enterprises to provide sustainable economic growth on their own that becomes their own wealth and not borrowed wealth from other, more developed nations.