Chad, a republic landlocked in Central Africa, is a country that inadvertently has become a cross-section for many cultural attributes. The nation itself houses over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups with the vastly different Arabic and French as the official languages. With a multitude of faiths in the area, Islam and Christianity are the two religions most widely practiced.
Beyond demographic and psychographic data, topographically speaking Chad also is a breadbasket of many climates from the arid Sahelian region, to the wetlands near Lake Chad, to the northern desert zone, and to the savanna near the Sudanese region.
While this intersectionality creates an incredibly diverse population, the area is known to be ravaged by political and sectarian violence plagued by a constant series of coup d’etats. Considered as a ‘failed state’ by the Fund for Peace, Chad is one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world. These challenges have faced the nation since its independence as a colony from France in 1960.
Over 80 percent of Chad’s population live below the poverty line and in 2009 the gross domestic product (GDP) of the republic was calculated at US $1,651. 85 percent of the population depends on the agricultural industry for jobs, revenue, and food, especially the cotton industry. Presently, the crude oil market has succeeded any agricultural market. Creating revenue but not jobs or prosperity for the common population of Chad.