Even with many natural resources, Chad remains one of the poorest countries in the world. Only gaining their independence from France in 1960, they have struggled with corruption, harsh climate, and poverty throughout their existence. More than half of Chad’s citizens are living in poverty, and they struggle every day to find a way to sustain themselves. An already arid climate has become even less fertile with recent climate change, and the subsistence farmers are severely limited in resources and options. They lack the infrastructure required to grow an adequate amount of food, and the people of Chad suffer because of it. A large amount of the population is malnourished, and it is only getting more dire with time. The people of Chad are spread out sparsely over a large area, making it nearly impossible to share resources between themselves. Education is another problematic issue that this nation faces. An astonishing 90% of the population is illiterate and are unable to speak either of the official languages, Arabic and French. Geographical isolation, along with a lack of education and issues with sustenance, are all part of the poverty issues that this nation faces every day.
Chad’s GDP has fluctuated quite a bit over the past 20 years. Their government is plagued with corruption and mismanaging, which has kept them from sustaining an upward trend. With better oil prices, Chad will hopefully be able to succeed in increasing its GDP for the 4th year in a row. It has increased steadily the past few years, from 1.6% in 2011, to 7.2% in 2012, and 7.4% in 2013. This growth was triggered by the implementation of government industrial projects, and should continue to rise for the immediate future. The government’s objective is to turn Chad into a economically emerging country by 2025. If they continue to increase their production of oil, and begin to export more cotton as well, it should help finance the government’s public investment plan. If they are able to take advantage of one of its positive assets, a growing population of over 12 million, they should be able to increase their GDP every year and finally become a economically stable country in the coming years.